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工程硕士备考:单项训练同步答案解析
2016年09月29日 来源:清大在线

  工程硕士考试时间统考将于12月24日开始举行,对于英语的单项训练清大在线 工程硕士辅导老师们已经为大家准备了习题集答案解析,请同学们进行训练吧!

  1. While people may refer to television for up-to-the-minute news, it is unlikely that television ___________ the newspaper completely.

  A. will replace    B. have replaced    C. replace            D. replaced

  1.【答案】A

  【解析】unlikely意为”不大可能的(not likely to happen)”,表示说话人认为某事将来不大可能发生,或者认为不大可能成为事实,由它引出的主语从句的谓语动词应用将来时,例如:That he will refuse the offer is unlikely.他拒绝这项建议的可能性不大。It is unlikely that enough workers will be found if there is no substantial improvement in salaries and working conditions.如果工资不大幅度增加,工作条件得不到改善.就不大可能找到足够的工人。所以,该题只能选A项。

  2. With his ability and experience, he is entitled to ___________ by his colleagues.

  A. be respected                        B. being respected

  C. respect                             D. respecting

  2.【答案】B

  【解析】be entitled to是固定用法,意思是”有权(做)…….有资格(早受)……”,to是介词,后面跟名词或名词性成分。故A项和C项错误。又因为动词respect和句子主语是逻辑上的动宾关系,所以此处需要被动的动名词形式,故B项为正确答案。

  3. ___________ their work will give us a much better feel for the wide differences between the two schools of thought.

  A. To have reviewed                    B.  Having reviewed

  C. Reviewing                          D. Being reviewed

  3.【答案】C

  【解析】动名词作主语,表示某个一般性的动作,或表示说话者的亲身经历。例如:Thinking is the talking of the soul with itself.思想是灵魂在同自己交谈。Learning in old age is like writing on sand;learning in youth is like engraving on stone.年老时学习就像在沙上写字,年轻时学习就像在石上刻字。

  4. My sister’s professor had her ____________her paper many times before allowing her to present it to the committee.

  A. rewritten       B. to rewrite       C. rewrite     D. rewriting

  4.【答案】C

  【解析】该题考查动词have的用法。have后面既可跟不带to的动词不定式作宾补,又可跟现在分词作宾补,还可跟过去分词作宾补,但意义不同,例如:I had him fill out a form.我叫他填了一张表(不带to的动词不定式作宾补强调动作的全过程)。He had us laughing all through the meal.他使我们在吃饭过程中自始至终笑个不停(现在分词作宾补强调分词的动作正在进行)。I really must have my watch repaired.我真得修修表了(过去分词作宾补表示”使……被做”)。根据题意,只有C项是正确答案。

  5. ___________ she realized it was too late to go home.

  A. No sooner it grew dark than

  B. Hardly did it grow dark that

  C. Scarcely had it grown dark than

  D. It was not until dark that

  5.【答案】D

  【解析】当”no sooner…than”结构中no sooner位于句首时,主句要倒装,由此可以将A排除。hardly和scarcely都要和连词when连用,由此可将B项和C项排除。正确答案为D项,例如:It was not until many centuries later that the ancient Greeks placed the science of map-making on a sound footing.直到几个世纪后,古希腊人才把地图绘制学置于坚实的基础之上。