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2014联考英语阅读:墨西哥电信大亨提倡一周三天工作制

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2014年07月25日 【我要咨询】 】 来源:清华在线

  We’ve got it all wrong, says Carlos Slim, the Mexican telecoms tycoon and world’s second-richest man: we should be working only three days a week.墨西哥电信业大亨、全球第二大富豪卡洛斯?斯利姆(Carlos Slim)表示:我们都错了,我们一周应该只工作三天。

  Attending a business conference in Paraguay, Mr Slim said it was time for a “radical overhaul” of people’s working lives. Instead of being able to retire at 50 or 60, he says, we should work until we are older – but take more time off as we do so.在巴拉圭参加一次商业会议时,斯利姆表示,是时候“彻底返修”一下人们的职业生活大厦了,我们不应在50或60岁退休,而应工作至年纪更大一些——同时延长休息时间。

  “People are going to have to work for more years, until they are 70 or 75, and just work three days a week – perhaps 11 hours a day,” he told the conference, according to Paraguay.com news agency.根据新闻机构Paraguay.com的报道,他在大会上说:“人们将不得不工作更多年头——直到70或75岁。同时每周只工作三天 ,每天也许是11个小时。

  “With three work days a week, we would have more time to relax; for quality of life. Having four days [off] would be very important to generate new entertainment activities and other ways of being occupied.”“如果一周只有三个工作日,我们就会有更多休息时间来提高生活品质。对于创造新的娱乐活动以及消磨时间的新方法来说,每周休息四天或许非常重要。”

  The 74-year-old self-made magnate believes that such a move would generate a healthier and more productive labour force, while tackling financial challenges linked to longevity.这位白手起家的74岁富豪相信,此举将会催生更健康、生产效率更高的劳动力,同时还能应对与长寿现象相伴随的财务挑战。

  He is putting his money where his mouth is. In his Telmex fixed-line phone company in Mexico, where workers on a collective labour contract who joined the company in their late teens are eligible to retire before they are 50, he has instituted a voluntary scheme allowing such workers to keep working, on full pay, but for only four days a week.目前,他正在动用资金践行他所说的话。在他位于墨西哥的固定电话公司Telmex中,那些在早在19岁之前加入公司、与公司签订了集体用工合同的人可以在50岁之前退休。他还设立了一个自愿项目,该项目令以上员工能够以每周只需工作四天的方式全薪工作。

  Mr Slim stunned the Mexican business world this month with plans to break up his América Móvil empire, selling about a fifth of its assets, in order to avoid regulatory sanctions. His companies dominate 80 per cent of the fixed-line and 70 per cent of the mobile markets in Mexico – above a new 50 per cent threshold.他深深怀有的另一个信念是:人们对于教育也应该加以反思。他在乌拉圭的会议上表示,教育“不应该是无聊的,而应该是有趣的”,应该教会人们“推理而不是记忆;应该是一种训练而不是驯养”。除此以外,他还提倡开展更多职业培训。

  The magnate is a keen strategist and philanthropist, who has often said what he likes to do best is to think. He has cultivated interests outside the corporate world: his passion for Rodin sculpture and art collecting is evident in the Soumaya museum in Mexico City dedicated to his late wife.同时,现年74岁的他似乎也毫无退休计划。

  Another of his deep-held beliefs is that education should be rethought. He told the conference in Paraguay that it should “not be boring, but should be fun” and should teach people “not to memorise but to reason; not to domesticate but to train”. He also called for more vocational training.译者/简易

  Mr Slim, meanwhile, appears to have no plans to retire.

  “Look at who he respects: the [Mexican] banker Manuel Espinosa Yglesias was something of a mentor, and he was still working in his late 80s,” said Andrew Paxman, a British historian who is writing a book about Mr Slim.

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