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2006年度10月份联考英语模拟试题及答案二(3)

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2007年03月29日 【我要咨询】 】 来源:清大在线
More American mothers than ever are working, and more workers are mothers. Yet their march
Passage Four
into the world of paid work continues to cause suspicion. One recent survey found that 48 percent of Americans believe that preschoolers suffer if their mothers work, while another found that 42 percent of employed parents think that working mothers care more about succeeding at work than meeting their children’s needs.
All mothers deserve our support -- those who care for children at home and those who have joined the work force. But many working mothers continue to believe that they are shortchanging
(少找钱)their children. They shouldn’t. Research tells us that kids do just fine when mothers work.
Suzanne Bianchi a scientist of the University of Maryland, has found that mothers today spend as much if not more time with their children than they did in 1965, even though the percentage of mothers who work rose from 35 percent to 71 percent. Then there are the obvious financial benefits. For many children, these earnings are the difference between living in poverty -- or out of it.
The kids are all right. Studies conducted by the University of Michigan have consistently demonstrated that a child’s social or academic competence does not depend on whether a mother is employed. In my research four out of five children ( nine out of ten in single parent families) told me that having a working mother was their preferred arrangement. My study found that children with working mothers are no more likely to drop out, take drugs, break the law, or experiment with sex prematurely than children with non-employed mothers. Children have taken their mothers’ example to heart. Ninety percent of the young women I interviewed said they hoped to combine work with motherhood, while two-thirds of the men said they wanted to share parenting and work.
Sadly, children support working mothers more than we do as a society. Parental leave and child-care benefits in the United States remain inadequate, particularly when compared to what’s offered in other countries. Children thrive when their mothers have satisfying, well-paid jobs when they can count on other caretakers to share the load. The challenge facing us is thus not whether good workers can also be good mothers, but whether we can create the conditions that enable working mothers and fathers to be good parents.

46. From the first paragraph, we can see that ______.
A. now more American mothers are working than any time in American history and anywhere else in the world
B. more than half Americans think that before going to school, children need their mothers whole-hearted care
C. a majority of Americans believe that once working outside home mothers think of their own work more than their children
D. more American mothers work than ever before, but this problem of working mothers has not been solved satisfactorily


47. In paragraph two, the author thinks that ______.
A. society should support all mothers no matter where they work -- at home or outside it
B. working mothers are doing less for their children
C. we should do more research on this problem
D. working mothers should be proud be self-abused


48. From the passage, we can not find the proof of the fact that ______.
A. now mothers do their household work just as well as they did before.
B. with their mothers working, children are better off.
C. lack of motherscare, children like to go astray.
D. in single-parent families, most children like their mothers go out working.


49. What do the Americans need in solving the problem of working mothers?
A. They need the support of males.
B. They need the understanding of other members of their families.
C. They need young people to be well-prepa
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