欢迎访问清大在线!
全国分校: 更多>>
专题频道页
您所在的位置:首页 >> 资料下载 >> 历年模拟题 >> 2006年度10月份联考英语模拟试题及答案二(2)

2006年度10月份联考英语模拟试题及答案二(2)

分享到:
2007年03月29日 【我要咨询】 】 来源:清大在线
Passage Three
We are told the mass media are the greatest organs for enlightenment that the world has yet seen; that in Britain, for instance, several million people see each issue of the current affairs programme, Panoroma. This kind of exposure may well be a point of departure for acquiring certain important intellectual and imaginative qualities, width of judgment, a sense of the variety of possible attitudes. Yet in itself such exposure does not bring intellectual or imaginative development. The mass media cannot build the cathedral, and their way of showing the stones does not always prompt others to build. For the stones are presented within a self-contained and self sufficient world in which, it is implied, simply to look at them, to observe fleetingly individually interesting points of difference between them is sufficient in itself.  
Life is indeed full of problems on which we have to——or feel we should try to——make decisions, as citizens or as private individuals. But neither the real difficulty of these decisions, nor their true and disturbing challenge to each individual, can often be communicated through the mass media. The disinclination to suggest real choice, individual decision, which is to be found in the mass media is not simply the product of a commercial desire to keep the customer happy. It is within the grain of mass communications. The organs of the Establishment, however well intentioned they may be and whatever their form (the State, the Church, voluntary societies, political parties), have a vested interest in ensuring that the public boat is not violently rocked, and will so affect those who work within the mass media that they will be led insensibly towards forms of production. They will tend to move, when exposing problems, well within the accepted cliché assumptions of democratic society and will tend neither radically to question these clichés nor to make a disturbing application of them to features of contemporary life. They will stress the “stimulation”the programs give, but this soon becomes an agitation of problems for the sake of the interest of that agitation itself; they will therefore, again, assist a form of acceptance of the status quo (现状). There were exceptions to this tendency, but they are uncharacteristic.  
The result can be seen in a hundred radio and television programs as plainly as in the normal treatment of public issues in the popular press. Different levels of background in the readers or viewers may be assumed, but what usually takes place is a substitute for the process of arriving at judgment. Programs such as this are noteworthy less for the “stimulation”they offer than for the fact that stimulation may become a substitute for and so a hindrance to, judgments carefully arrived at and tested in the mind and on the pulses . Mass communications, then, do not ignore intellectual matters; they tend to castrate (使⋯丧失活力)them, to allow them to sit on the side of the fireplace, sleek and useless, a family plaything.  


41. According to the passage, the mass media present us with ______.
A. insufficient diversity of information  
B. too restricted a view of life  
C. a wide range of facts and opinions 
D. a critical assessment of our society  


42. What effect is it claimed the mass media can have on our intellectual and imaginative development?  
A. They are likely to frustrate this development.  
B. They can form a basis for it.  
C. They can distort our judgment.  
D. They can stimulate too much mental activity.  


43. How are the mass media said to influence our ability to make decisions?
A. They disturb us by their prejudices.  
B. They make us doubt our own judgments.  
C. They make no contribution in this area.  
D. They make decisions appear too complicated.  


44. The author says that a natural concern of the Establishment is to ______. <
【版权及免责声明】【打印】 【关闭】
2006年度10月份联考英语模拟试题及答案二(2) 相关阅读

公开课程推荐

  • [十月GCT考试]

    GCT面授课程
    上课时间:6月~10月
    上课地点:待定
    名师:清大在线名师

  • [五月同等学力]

    同等学力真题预定
    活动时间:3月~6月
    活动地点:清大在线官网
    名师:清大在线

最新购课

关于我们 | 付款方式 | 全国购卡点 | 法律声明 | 诚招代理 | 联系方式 | 帮助中心 | 友情链接 | 信息中心投诉、举报
北京紫光在线教育科技有限公司 客服热线:010-62771166,62781166,传真:010-62781112  清大在线页面改进建议
京ICP证060182号 京ICP备11016158号
北京市公安局海淀分局备案单位编号:1101081749 。